Béchamel Sauce is a staple in classic French cuisine. It is a dairy-based white sauce thickened with a butter and flour roux. It can be used on its own over pasta, or as the base in many other dishes.
Today we are tackling a French cuisine staple. Béchamel Sauce is known as a “mother sauce.” It is one of just a few sauces from which all other sauces derive. That might sound intimidating, but béchamel is super simple to make, and is definitely a sauce you want in your repertoire.
Béchamel may seem similar to an Alfredo sauce, but they are actually quite different. Alfredo sauce calls for heavy cream and parmesan cheese, and is thickened by reduction. Béchamel calls for milk instead, and is thickened with a roux. It traditionally does not include any cheese, though some people do enjoy a cheesy béchamel sauce over pasta.
How to use béchamel:
Béchamel is a multi-purpose sauce. You can use it as the base of a gourmet mac n cheese, layered in lasagna, in a vegetable gratin, or even just on top of freshly cooked pasta. If you want to take the next step into French cooking, you could go on to use it in a Soubisse, Nantua, or Mornay Sauce.
The recipe as written makes a medium-thick sauce that is perfect for general use like coating pasta. For a thin white sauce, reduce the butter and flour both to 2 tablespoons. For a super thick white sauce use up to 1/2 cup each of flour and butter.
Dairy-Free, Gluten-Free, and other Substitutes:
Béchamel Sauce has been considered a “mother sauce” since the 17th century. It uses only whole, natural ingredients, and as such there really are no adequate substitutes. This is one of those recipes that needs to be made as written to fully appreciate such a simple, timeless sauce. The one exception is replacing the flour that is used as a thickening agent. You can replace the flour with cornstarch. Simply use cornstarch in half the amount of the flour listed for a gluten-free bechamel sauce.
If you like this recipe, you may be interested in these other delicious pasta recipes:
Watch the video below where Rachel will walk you through every step of this recipe. Sometimes it helps to have a visual, and we’ve always got you covered with our cooking show. You can find the complete collection of recipes on YouTube, Facebook Watch, or our Facebook Page, or right here on our website with their corresponding recipes.
Classic Bechamel Sauce
- 1/4 cup unsalted butter
- 1/4 cup all-purpose flour
- 2 1/2 cups whole milk
- 1/2 teaspoon salt , or to taste
- 1/4 teaspoon white pepper , or to taste
- 1 pinch ground nutmeg
- Melt butter in a saucepan over low heat. Add in flour and increase heat to medium. Whisk together and let cook for 2 minutes.
- Slowly pour in milk, whisking to combine.
- Bring to a simmer and whisk constantly while it heats. Just as it comes to a simmer, it will thicken up and should be just thick enough to coat the back of a spoon.
- Season by stirring in nutmeg, salt, and white pepper to taste. Serve hot.