Bake the perfect muffin every time with our Master Muffin Recipe. Use one recipe to create any flavor of muffin in any size. We’ve even included ideas for mix-ins, topping options, and other flavoring adjustments so you can design endless muffins from the comfort of your home kitchen.

Pastries for breakfast? Yes, please! Muffins are a fantastic grab-and-go breakfast when rushing out the door. If you love muffins, you should try these amazing homemade donuts and scones!

Why You’ll Love This Recipe

  • Endless Flavor Possibilities: Easily customize one base recipe to create any muffin flavor you can dream of, from classic favorites to more creative concoctions.
  • No Special Ingredients Required: Utilizes pantry staples with flexibility for substitutions.
  • Beginner-Friendly: Simple instructions and expert tips make this recipe perfect for those new to baking.
  • Perfect Texture Every Time: Yields moist, fluffy muffins with the ideal crumb.
A stack of muffins on a cake stand.

Muffin Recipe

This master muffin recipe is designed with simplicity and flexibility in mind. It serves as a reliable foundation that guarantees moist, fluffy muffins every time. By following this basic recipe, you’ll learn the essentials of muffin making, as well as how to confidently incorporate your favorite flavors, spices, and add-ins. Perfect for beginners and seasoned bakers alike, this recipe encourages experimentation and creativity in the kitchen with muffins that are moist, fluffy, and delicious every time.

Ingredients & Substitutes

Dive into the heart of baking with this brief informative breakdown of each ingredient. Understanding the role of each component not only enhances your baking skills but also opens up a world of customization options. Here’s what each ingredient brings to the table as well as some well-tested substitute options to give you flexibility in your baking.

Butter: Contributes to the rich flavor, tender texture, and moist crumb of the muffins. Use unsalted butter for the best flavor and texture. If using salted butter, consider reducing the amount of additional salt you add by 1/4 teaspoon.

  • Vegetable Oil Substitute: Use ⅓ cup for a lighter texture. Oil makes muffins moister compared to butter.
  • Apple Sauce Substitute: Use ½ cup for a lower-fat option, adding moisture without the heaviness.
  • Greek Yogurt Substitute: Use ¼ cup of plain Greek yogurt to maintain moisture while adding a slight tanginess.

Granulated Sugar: Sweetens the muffins and affects their color and texture.

  • Brown Sugar Substitute: Use 1 cup for a deeper, molasses-like flavor and more moisture.
  • Coconut Sugar Substitute: Use 1 cup for a less refined option with a similar sweetness level.
  • Agave Syrup or Honey Substitute: Use ¾ cup, reducing the liquid in the recipe by 2 tablespoons to compensate for the additional moisture.

Eggs: Act as a binding agent, provide structure, and contribute to the rise and texture of the muffins.

  • Flax Egg Substitution: Mix 1 tablespoon ground flaxseed with 3 tablespoons water per egg, let sit until thickened.
  • Applesauce Substitution: Use ¼ cup per egg for added moisture and binding without the fat.

Baking Powder: Essential for leavening, helping the muffins to rise and become airy. In a pinch, you can use ½ teaspoon baking soda mixed with 1 teaspoon of vinegar or lemon juice as a substitute for 1 teaspoon of baking powder.

Vanilla Extract: Adds a classic, sweet aroma and flavor depth. Can be replaced with other flavorings and extracts.

All-Purpose Flour: The main structure of the muffins, giving them body and texture.

  • Whole Wheat Flour Substitution: Use 1¾ cups for a denser, fiber-rich muffin, or replace only a portion of the all-purpose flour.
  • Gluten-Free All-Purpose Flour Substitution: Use 2 cups of a 1:1 blend for a gluten-free option. The texture will be more coarse and dense.

Milk or Buttermilk: Adds fat and moisture; buttermilk contributes to a tender texture and a slight tang.

  • Dairy-Free Milk Substitution: Use ½ cup of any milk alternative including almond milk, oat milk, and soy milk. with 1 teaspoon lemon juice to mimic buttermilk’s acidity.
  • Dairy-Free Buttermilk Substitution: Use ½ cup of any milk alternative (almond, at, soy, etc) combined with 1 teaspoon of lemon juice to mimic buttermilk’s acidity. Let sit for 5 minutes before using in the recipe.

Muffin Mix-Ins and Additions

Transform your muffins with these delightful additions. The possibilities are endless! To prevent sinking, lightly coat heavier additions like nuts or fruit pieces in flour to distribute them evenly throughout the batter. Feel free to mix and match, adding up to 1 cup total.

  • Chocolate Chips: Add ½ to 1 cup for a rich, chocolatey experience. Choose from semi-sweet, milk, dark, or white chocolate to suit your taste.
  • Berries: Use 1 cup of fresh or frozen blueberries, raspberries, or chopped strawberries for a burst of tangy sweetness. No need to thaw frozen berries before use.
  • Fresh Fruit: Incorporate ½ to 1 cup of finely diced apples, bananas, peaches, or pears to add moisture and natural sweetness. Remove 1 tablespoon of liquid (milk) from the recipe for every 1 cup of fresh fruit.
  • Nuts: Mix in ½ to ¾ cup of chopped walnuts, pecans, almonds, or hazelnuts for a crunchy texture and rich flavor. Toasting them lightly before adding them enhances their taste.
  • Dried Fruit: Fold in ½ to ¾ cup of raisins, cranberries, chopped apricots, or dates for concentrated fruit flavor and a chewy texture.
  • Citrus Zest: Stir in 1 to 2 tablespoons of lemon, orange, or lime zest to infuse your muffins with a refreshing citrus aroma and flavor.
  • Spices: Add ½ to 1 teaspoon of cinnamon, nutmeg, or ginger for a subtle warmth and depth. Adjust according to your preference and the spice’s potency.
  • Seeds: Incorporate ¼ to ½ cup of poppy seeds, sunflower seeds, or pumpkin seeds for added crunch and nutritional benefits.
  • Coconut: Use ½ to ¾ cup of shredded coconut to bring a sweet, tropical flavor and interesting texture to your muffins.

Toppings Applied Before Baking

These toppings meld into the muffin surface as it bakes, creating a deliciously integrated crust or adding a decorative touch.

  • Streusel Topping: Mix ½ cup all-purpose flour, ⅓ cup brown sugar, 1 teaspoon cinnamon, and ¼ cup cold butter (cubed). Blend until the mixture resembles coarse crumbs and sprinkle generously over each muffin before baking.
  • Oats and Brown Sugar: Combine ¼ cup rolled oats with ¼ cup brown sugar. Distribute evenly over muffin batter for a textured, sweet crust.
  • Chopped Nuts: Sprinkle ¼ to ⅓ cup of chopped walnuts, pecans, or almonds atop muffins before baking for a crunchy addition.
  • Raw Sugar: Sprinkle about 1 teaspoon of turbinado or demerara sugar over each muffin for a crunchy, sparkly top.
  • Fruit Slices: Arrange thin slices of apples, pears, or a few whole berries on each muffin for a visually appealing and tasty decoration. Use about 2-3 slices or berries per muffin.

Toppings Applied After Baking

Add these toppings after your muffins have cooled to impart a sweet glaze, a decorative flourish, or a creamy texture.

  • Citrus Glaze: Whisk together 1 cup powdered sugar with 2-3 tablespoons of lemon, lime, or orange juice to achieve a pourable consistency. Drizzle over cooled muffins for a tangy finish.
  • Cream Cheese Frosting: Beat together 4 ounces of softened cream cheese with ¼ cup butter, 2 cups powdered sugar, and 1 teaspoon vanilla extract until smooth. Pipe or spread on cooled muffins for a rich, creamy topping.
  • Chocolate Drizzle: Melt ½ cup chocolate chips with 1 tablespoon coconut oil and drizzle over cooled muffins for a decadent touch.
  • Powdered Sugar Dusting: Sift about 2 tablespoons of powdered sugar over the tops of cooled muffins for a simple, elegant finish.
  • Coconut Flakes: Sprinkle ¼ cup toasted coconut flakes over frosted or glazed muffins for added texture and a hint of tropical flavor.
A variety of different flavored muffins on a countertop.

Adapting for Different Muffin Pan Sizes

This Master Recipe was written for a standard size muffin pan which produces muffins approximately 2 to 2 ½ inches in diameter. As written, this recipe will yield 12 standard muffins. For all other pan sizes, adjustments will need to be made as follows:

Mini Muffin Pans

Produces muffins about 1 to 1 ¼ inches in diameter. Fill cups almost to the top, as their small size allows for quicker baking and less rise. This recipe will yield approximately 48 mini muffins.

  • Baking Time & Temperature: Bake at a consistent 350°F (177°C) for 10-12 minutes. Mini muffins bake quickly, so start checking for doneness a few minutes before the lower end of the time range.
  • Cooling: Mini muffins cool faster; let them sit for about 5 minutes in the pan before moving them to a cooling rack.

Jumbo Muffin Pans

Produces muffins about 3 to 3 ½ inches in diameter. Fill the cups ¾ full to allow room for rising without overflowing. As written, this recipe will yield approximately 3 jumbo muffins. Jumbo Muffin Pans typically accommodate 6 muffins so we recommend doubling the recipe to fill the pan.

  • Baking Time & Temperature: Start at 425°F (218°C) for the first 7 minutes to get a nice lift, then reduce to 350°F (177°C) and bake for an additional 20-25 minutes. The total baking time might be as much as 25-30 minutes, depending on the oven and batter temperature.
  • Cooling: Jumbo muffins need more time to set; let them cool for 10 minutes in the pan before transferring to a wire rack.

Texas-Size Muffin Pans

Produces muffins that are slightly larger than jumbo, about 3 ½ inches or more. Doubling the recipe may not be enough to fill your pan depending on its specific size and capacity. Use the same baking and cooling instructions as Jumbo Muffins, with a total bake time of up to 30 to 35 minutes.

Storing Leftovers

Before storing, allow your muffins to cool completely on a wire rack. Storing muffins while they are still warm can lead to condensation, making them soggy. Place cooled muffins in an airtight container or plastic bag lined with a paper towel to absorb any excess moisture. Seal the container and keep at room temperature for up to 2 days. For longer freshness, store the airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 1 week.

Freezing Muffins

Once muffins have cooled completely, wrap each muffin individually in plastic wrap or aluminum foil. This helps prevent freezer burn and allows you to thaw only the number of muffins you need at a time. Place wrapped muffins in a large freezer bag or an airtight container and store in the freezer for up to 3 months.

Thawing Instructions:

Remove the desired number of muffins from the freezer and unwrap them. Let them thaw at room temperature for about 3 to 4 hours. This method gently restores them to their original texture.

For a quicker option, unwrap a muffin and microwave it on a microwave-safe plate for 30-60 seconds on the defrost setting or until warmed through. This method is perfect for when you want a warm muffin quickly, but it might slightly alter the texture to be chewier.

Transform Your Muffins Into…